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改革户籍制——基于成都和重庆的分析

城市化是一个复杂的过程,其定义如下:“社会从农村向城市生活方式转变的过程。也指的是居住在城市的人口比例逐渐增加。”2008年金融危机爆发后,温家宝总理决定重新平衡国内生产总值增长动态,重点放在大陆城市,因此2009年城市化战略重点放在3个领域:土地,工业和农场。 成都和重庆的大多数人都是生活在农村的农民,是低技能人员。因此,中国政府在过去十年中不得不建设新的城市,新建住房,改善交通网络,吸引这些人,使其在劳动密集型行业工作。但自2010年初以来,为了改善国家经济发展,中国政府已经将劳动密集型产业向资本/技术密集型产业转型。我们认为,这一转变将会对这两个城市的城市化带来许多挑战:需要吸引沿海城市的高技能人才,建立可靠的培训中心,让农村地区的居民能够获得新技能,另外尤其是需要剔除户口限制的因素。 实际上,城市化进程是由公共政策制定的,不是私人投资决定的。中国政府力求通过提供必要的公寓和房屋来促进这些城市的经济发展,避免每天农村和城市之间的通勤。政府的目标是通过实施“十三五”规划,包括建设2000万套经济适用房,实现到2020年,60%的人口生活在城市地区。 这些城市的主要挑战是培养足够的技术人才,以满足外企对合格员工的需求,同时也为了填补“五年计划”中建成的众多空置公寓。地方政府确实建了太多住房,因为他们预期了很高的移民增长率(居住在成都和重庆农村的人移居城市)。这个预期没有达成主要是因为这两个省份农村地区的居民被沿海城市的声誉吸引,从而向沿海城市的流动性增加了。综上所述,这两个城市应该通过合理建设现代化,快速的公共交通网络和平价公寓来改善城镇化战略,吸引更多的人才,此外还要与沿海城市建立更加紧密的联系,打破“黑河——腾冲线”,优先重视教育制度(大学和高中),培养本地人才,而不是一味进口高技能人才。 最重要的是,成都和重庆必须加快解除户籍限制,吸引人才从中国大陆的其他地区搬迁到城市中心。 Edouard d’Espalungue

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Donald Trump made History : an analysis of his first speech as President of the United States

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Hillary Clinton has fallen at 2.22am on 9th November, 2016. In the run to the White House, Donald Trump, the Republican candidate fought Hillary Clinton, the Democrat one, and the latter has failed to win crucial swing states such as Pennsylvania, Michigan, Iowa, Wisconsin and Florida that eventually voted for the GOP candidate. Most polls in […]

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Protégé : Turkey coup attempt : an inside view

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Brexit : the first wave

EU commissioner Jonathan Hill steps down In the aftermath of Britons decision to leave the EU, the PM David Cameron announced his resignation, taking effect in October 2016. Lord Hill, a close conservative ally of Mr. Cameron and one of the most senior UK diplomats in Brussels, was offered in 2014 by J.C Juncker to […]

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Protégé : Voting on Brexit: an interview with Lord Michael Heseltine

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A night with the Conservatives

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The race is still open. While Sadiq Khan, the Labour candidate for London Mayoral elections still leads in the polls, his Conservative opponent, Zac Goldsmith is gaining new momentum. New supports come in every day and the Back Zac bus crisscrosses  London boroughs. The election deadline is nearing (5th May 2016) and Zac could win […]

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The revival of Sovereigntists in Europe

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What should we remember about 2015? Marked by terrorism in Europe, the Middle-East and even in the USA, the world faced the political consequences of this new phenomenon that seems to characterise the 21st century. The recent evolutions in the Syrian war put migrants at the forefront of newspapers and Europe is facing a new […]

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Back to the past? Current Greek economic policy

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Mr. Tóth is an Hungarian fellow of Politique.com based in Luxembourg. Since Greece’s debt crisis began in 2010, most international banks and foreign investors have sold their Greek bonds and Greece now appears to be in a catch-22 situation. But Mihály Alex Tóth suggests the government’s biggest bail-out challenges are yet to come. In July […]

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Ex-IMF Chief Economist backs Macron’s economic policy: an interview with Olivier Blanchard

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Departing International Monetary Fund Chief Economist Olivier Blanchard [1] gave the 31st annual Mais Lecture at Cass Business School, on 7th October 2015. The annual Mais lecture is regarded as the City of London’s foremost event for the banking and finance community, and is attended by senior practitioners and academics. Since its inception in 1978, […]

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Interview : «N’oublions pas le génocide sikh »

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Ce dimanche 7 juin était organisé par la communauté sikh de France une manifestation place du Trocadéro, à Paris, afin de commémorer les victimes de la répression de 1984, perpétrée par l’Etat Indien, et qualifiée de génocide. Le rassemblement [1], qui comptait un grand nombre de femmes et d’enfants s’est déroulé dans le calme, immobile, […]

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